Asthma patient

Coronavirus Disease-2019 (COVID-19) and People with Asthma

What is Coronavirus (COVID-19)?

  • COVID-19 is a new strain of viruses that was discovered in 2019 that range from the common cold to more severe disease.
  • The World Health Organization (WHO) advises common signs of infection include respiratory symptoms, fever, cough, shortness of breath and breathing difficulties. In more severe cases, infection can cause pneumonia, severe acute respiratory syndrome, kidney failure and even death.

Symptoms of Coronavirus Disease


Who is Impacted by COVID-19?

People of all ages can be infected by COVID-19. However, certain people appear to be more vulnerable to becoming severely ill with the virus including:

  • Older people
  • People with pre-existing medical conditions
    • Asthma
    • Diabetes
    • Heart Disease

Recent Studies Pertaining to Those with Asthma

Based on currently available information and clinical expertise, people of any age who have serious underlying conditions might be at higher risk for severe illness from COVID-19, including people with moderate to severe asthma. COVID-19 can affect the respiratory tract (nose, throat, lungs), cause an asthma attack, and possibly lead to pneumonia and acute respiratory disease. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR) presented four recent data reports on COVID-19 patients with asthma:

WHO advises people of all ages take steps to protect themselves from the virus. 

Does the new coronavirus affect older people, or are younger people also susceptible?


Best Asthma Self-Management Practices

  • Take your asthma medication exactly as prescribed. Talk to your healthcare provider, insurer, and pharmacist about creating an emergency supply of prescription medications, such as asthma inhalers. Make sure that you have 30 days of non-prescription medications and supplies on hand too in case you need to stay home for a long time.
  • Make sure that you have 30 days of non-prescription medications and supplies on hand too in case you need to stay home for a long time
  • Talk to your healthcare, provider, insurer, and pharmacist about creating an emergency supply of prescription medications, such as asthma inhalers
  • Practice good inhaler use
  • Avoid asthma triggers
  • Practice social distancing and stay at home as much as possible to avoid exposure
  • Clean and disinfect frequently touched surfaces like tables, doorknobs, light switches, countertops, handles, desks, phones, keyboards, toilets, faucets, and sinks daily to protect yourself against COVID-19. Avoid disinfectants that can cause an asthma attack
  • As more cases of COVID-19 are discovered and our communities take action to combat the spread of disease, it is natural for some people to feel concerned or stressed. Strong emotions can trigger an asthma attack. Take steps to help yourself cope with stress and anxiety
     

How to Protect Yourself

  • Practice social distancing, also called “physical distancing,” by keeping space between yourself and other people outside of your home
    • Stay at least 6 feet (about 2 arms’ length) from other people.
    • Do not gather in groups
    • Stay out of crowded places and avoid mass gatherings
  • Practice frequent handwashing
  • Don’t touch your face (Hands off eyes, nose or mouth)
  • Use a cloth face covering to help slow the spread of COVID-19
  • Clean and disinfect frequently touched surfaces like:
    • Tables, doorknobs, light switches, countertops, handles, desks, phones, keyboards, toilets, faucets, and sinks daily to protect yourself against COVID-19.
      • Avoid disinfectants that can trigger an asthma attack.

How to prevent the spread of respiratory illnesses


Read a message from NEEF on COVID-19.

HEAR MORE FROM NEEF